Chiropractors locate the musculoskeletal regions of the body that are not functioning properly and make the necessary adjustments. Chiropractors will use traditional methods of diagnostic testing to identify the source of a problem, and they often provide counseling on nutrition, exercises, and other lifestyle issues affecting health and wellness. However, they choose not to prescribe any medications, nor do they perform any surgeries. Chiropractors use non-invasive techniques such as palpation, vertebral and/or extremity manipulations, and other modalities such as electric stimulation, hot/cold packs, ultrasound, and soft tissue work. This relieves irritation and pressure on the nerves, restores mobility of the joints, and aids in the restoration of the body’s ability to heal.
When a subluxation exists, it not only affects that bone, but there are a lot of other issues that are taking place in your spine and other areas of your body. There are 5 components to a vertebral subluxation which are the following: Osseous, Nerve, Muscle, Soft Tissue, and Chemical components.
The osseous (bone) component is the bone is not moving properly. The nerve component is the nerve having unwanted pressure applied to it decreasing the signals passing through it to other areas of the body. The muscles hold the vertebrae in place so if the bone is out of alignment the muscles react to it. Nerves also innervate the muscles and if the nerve loses some of its signal it will weaken that particular muscle. The soft tissue is the surrounding tissue that is affected such as the tendons, ligaments and blood supply. The chemical component is the last component and consists of chemical changes that actually occur in the body due to the other components of the subluxation.
After a subluxation has existed for a period of time, symptoms will occur. The person may experience pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness. In other cases, the symptoms may go unnoticed except that the person has poor posture, is more susceptible to colds, tires more quickly, or starts having problems with an internal organ.
Remember, the energy, which travels down the spinal cord and through the nerves, serves every area of the body. Therefore, any area of the body can be affected by a subluxation.
Chiropractors are the ONLY health professionals trained in the detection, location, and correction of subluxations.
The most common method of adjustment is called Diversified technique. With this method the practitioner physically moves the joint with a small fast impulse that causes a release/cavitation or what the patients often calls “popping or cracking”. The sound that the patient hears is a release of gas pressure within the joint when it resets itself during the adjustment.